It has been a year since the deadly pandemic currently known as coronavirus or Covid-19 hit the world. Nothing has been the same ever since then. People lost their lives, their loved ones, their jobs, and the whole world suffered. Even after a whole year, the world has not recovered from the losses it had to face because of this deadly disease. The disease changed its forms over the year. SARS-CoV-2 is the official name for the current coronavirus, which stands for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. This virus will cause coronavirus disease 19, or COVID-19 if there is an infection with the virus. There is only so much one can do in terms of preventing this virus. Once you have got this virus and do not show severe symptoms, it can be treated at home. The majority of people who contract coronavirus have a moderate or asymptomatic infection that can be treated at home. In this article, we will discuss all the measures you can take for coronavirus prevention at home.
What are the Symptoms?
COVID-19, a coronavirus-related illness, has the following symptoms:
- Fever (a temperature of more than 37.8°C or skin that is warm to the touch).
- A new, persistent cough.
- A change in or loss of your sense of smell or taste.
- Breathing difficulties and shortness of breath.
- Fatigue is a common phenomenon.
- Sore throat.
- Aches and pains are a common occurrence.
You should immediately self-isolate if you develop a fever, lose your sense of smell or taste, or develop a new continuous cough. If you have a minor illness, you don’t need to see a doctor, but you should schedule a test online.
When to Call Your Doctor?
If you suspect you or a family member has been infected with SARS-CoV-2 or are experiencing COVID-19 symptoms, contact your Doctor immediately. Unless it’s an emergency, there is no need to go to a medical facility or hospital. This reduces the risk of the virus spreading. If you or a loved one has an underlying illness that puts you or them at a higher risk of getting severe, be on the lookout for worsening symptoms.
You should immediately contact your doctor if the following problems occur:
- You are unable to manage the symptoms at home.
- Your situation deteriorates.
- After a week, you still have a fever, are feeling unwell, or have other symptoms.
- You’re unable to do simple things like looking at your computer, reading, or getting out of bed.
- Severe breathing problems
- Chest discomfort or pressure
In an emergency, dial your region’s appropriate emergency number. Be sure to alert the handler that you have COVID-19 while explaining your emergency.
How Does the Coronavirus Spread?
People spread the virus mainly by droplets that they release when they speak, sneeze or cough. These don’t usually remain in the air for long or fly more than 6 feet. On the other hand, the coronavirus could spread through tiny aerosol particles that can last up to three hours and move further. This is why wearing a face mask can be beneficial. It will help you from inhaling it as well as stopping you from offering it to anyone. If you touch something that has been touched by an infected person and then touch your eyes, nose, or mouth, you can contract the coronavirus.
11 Tips for Coronavirus Prevention at Home
The best way to avoid transmitting the coronavirus is to avoid it entirely. COVID-19 vaccines are available, but quantities are scarce, and availability to the general public is uncertain. Following are some of the measures that you should take if you got the virus and are taking care of yourself at home:
Drink a lot of water. Drink enough water to achieve a pale, transparent color in your pee. Stop drinking alcohol because it can cause you to become more dehydrated. There’s also proof that COVID-19 infection can contribute to liver damage, which can be intensified by consuming alcohol.
Make sure you get enough sleep. If you have coronavirus signs, you should stay at home and avoid any strenuous exercise when you are sick. Some of the symptoms can be managed with over-the-counter drugs.
Wash Your Hands
Clean your hands for at least 20 seconds with warm water and soap. Work the lather between your fingertips, under your fingernails, and around your wrists. Antibacterial and antiviral soap can also be used. When you can’t wash your hands properly, use a hand sanitizer. Hands should be washed several times a day, especially after touching something, such as your phone or laptop.
Wear a Mask
In public places where physical separation is difficult, such as grocery stores, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggests that nearly everyone wears a cloth face mask. When used correctly, these masks may help prevent asymptomatic or undiagnosed people from transmitting the virus when they breathe, speak, sneeze, or cough. As a result, the transmission of the virus is slowed. Following are some of the pointers that should be kept in mind while wearing a mask:
- All over the age of two should wear a mask in public.
- Masks should be worn in addition to keeping a distance of at least 6 feet between you and others, particularly those who do not live with you.
- If anyone in your home is infected, everyone in the house should take precautions, such as wearing masks to prevent the infection from spreading to others.
- Before putting on your mask, wash your hands or use hand sanitizer.
- Place your mask over your nose and mouth and under your chin to hold it in place.
- Slip the loops over your ears or tie the strings behind your head to secure the mask against the sides of your face.
- If you have to change your mask often, it isn’t working correctly, and you should look for a better style or brand.
Don’t Touch Your Face
Viruses can reach your body through your eyes, nose, and mouth. When you scratch your nose, rub your eyes, or bite a hangnail, germs join your body. You probably don’t realize how often you touch your face during the day. It takes time and effort to break a habit. Following are some tips that you can follow:
- Take note of the pattern. Wear scented lotion or perfume on your hands so you can smell it as it happens.
- Make something else for your hands to do. To keep your hands occupied, use rubber bands or a stress ball.
- Hold tissues close at hand. Be sure to use them whether you have itchy skin, a runny nose, or watery eyes.
The fewer people you’re around, the less likely you are to become sick. Staying at home also aids in the prevention of the disease spreading to others. Try to avoid congested areas. If your neighborhood is under a shelter-in-place order, stick to the rules for when you should leave. When you’re in a group or meeting, you’re more likely to come into direct contact with others. This involves avoiding all worship places where you may be forced to sit or stand too close to another worshipper. It also means not congregating in parks or on the beach.
Stay 6ft Away from Others
COVID-19 spreads primarily through person-to-person interaction. Touching isn’t the only way to make contact. Droplets from a person’s nose and mouth enter the air when they cough or sneeze near you. The virus is present in droplets from an individual who has COVID-19. The virus joins the bloodstream if you inhale the droplets.
According to the CDC, there is evidence that the virus can be transmitted if you spend 15 minutes within 6 feet of someone infected. Previously, it was thought that the exposure had to be done in 15-minute increments. You should practice social distancing to shield yourself. Staying at least 6 feet away from other people is part of this.
Don’t Go Out if You Have Symptoms
Stay at home if you begin to experience mild symptoms such as a runny nose or a headache. Your symptoms may indicate that you have the infection and are at risk of spreading it to others. If you start to get minor symptoms like a runny nose or a headache, stay at home. If you have the infection and are at risk of spreading it to others, your symptoms may mean that you have it.
Sneeze or Cough Into Your Elbow
You coat your hands with germs as you sneeze or cough into them. It rockets your germs into the air around you if you don’t cover your sneezes and coughs at all. To shield yourself and others, cover your mouth with the crook of your elbow. Afterward, still, wash your hands.
Clean and Disinfect Surfaces
COVID-19 may also be contracted by touching something contaminated with the virus and then touching the eyes, nose, or mouth. You’re less likely to get poisoned this way, but it’s still a possibility. The virus can survive on plastic and stainless steel for up to 72 hours, so you should regularly wipe down surfaces that you and others touch a lot in your house.
Cleaning and disinfection are two separate processes. Cleaning is effective at removing dirt and germs, but it is not effective at killing germs. Using a chemical disinfectant on surfaces that have already been washed to remove germs. Most store-bought disinfectants should be able to destroy the virus that causes COVID-19 on surfaces. To clean clothes and other washable materials, wash them as usual. When cleaning the clothing or linens of the sick, wear gloves and wash your hands afterward. To avoid spreading germs into the air, avoid shaking dirty clothes and linens before washing them.
Don’t Share Personal Items.
Personal objects such as tablets, makeup, and combs should not be shared. It’s also necessary not to share straws or eating utensils. Teach children that their reusable cups, straw, and other dishes are just for their personal use.
Avoid Eating or Drinking in Public Places
It’s not the safest time to eat out. This means keeping away from restaurants, coffee shops, pubs, and other dining places. Meat, utensils, pans, and cups can all be used to spread the virus. It can have become airborne due to the presence of other people in the region. You can also order food for delivery or takeout. Choose foods that have been cooked thoroughly and can be reheated.
Pfizer and Moderna have received FDA Emergency Use Approval for their coronavirus vaccines. The CDC has recommended that healthcare staff, the elderly, and those at risk receive priority for the first doses. Even then, it will take several months to inoculate them and administer the vaccine to the general public. Both vaccines require two doses to be successful.
Why Is Coronavirus Prevention Important?
The coronavirus is still being studied by scientists, so there is a lot they don’t know about it. However, what they’ve discovered indicates that COVID-19 is a severe disease. Since everyone can transmit the coronavirus, it’s essential to take action to prevent it from spreading. According to studies, you can spread the virus even though you don’t have any symptoms or up to two days before you start to feel sick.
There isn’t even a cure. Doctors will treat your symptoms if you become infected, but there is no known cure for the virus. You may get sick again. In response to an infection, the body develops antibodies. They will help prevent you from contracting a particular germ again or from being severely ill as a result of it. However, scientists are unsure whether or not COVID-19 antibodies can defend you and for how long.
Extra Precautions for People Who Are at Higher Risk
COVID-19 is open to everyone. However, you have a greater risk of being critically ill if you:
- Are 65 years old or older, especially if you live in a nursing home or other form of care facility
- Have asthma or lung disease, even though further research is required.
- Had a compromised immune system as a result of diseases like cancer and HIV, or as a result of medications
- See a BMI of more than 40 and have type 2 diabetes
- If you have a severe heart problem?
- Have you been diagnosed with kidney, liver, or heart disease?
- If you fall into one of these groups, following the general safety guidelines is particularly crucial.
The Bottom Line
It is essential to take these preventive measures seriously to stop the virus from spreading. Following these instructions, practicing good hygiene, and encouraging your friends and family to do the same would go a long way toward preventing the spread of the coronavirus.